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19th Century Recipes Archives

November 9, 2004

Flannel Cakes

1 quart (4 cups)of flour
1 pint (2 cups) milk or water
1 tablsoon butter - melted
1 teaspoon baking soda
2 teaspoons cream of tarter
Add melted butter to milk or water. Then stir in the baking soda. Now slowly stir into flour. Take cream of tarter and mix with a small amount of water. Add to flour mixture. Now pour out a spoonful onto hot lightly greased skillet.
Original Recipe
One quart of flour; one pint of milk or water. Put one tea-spoonful of carbonate of soda into the milk or water. Dissolve two tea-spoonfuls of cream of tarter in a small quantity of water. Add it to the batter immediately before baking it. To be baked in thin cakes, on a griddle. These are favorite breakfast cakes in Virginia.

Apple Pudding no.1

Half lb of mashed apple
Half lb butter
Half lb sugar
5 eggs
2 tablespoon brandy (or rose-water)
Half a nutmeg
1 pastry crust

Peel apples and core them; cut them in small pieces, and stew in very little water til they are soft. Pass them through a sieve to free them from lumps. Beat the butter and sugar smooth, whisk the eggs and add to it; then stir in the apples (which should be half a pound when mashed), brandy (or rose-water) and nutmeg. Cover your pie plates with a rich pastry crust and bake in moderate over.

November 12, 2004

White Fricassee

Cut a pair of chickens into pieces, as for carving; and wash them through 2 or three waters. Then lay them in a large pan, sprinkle them lightly with salt, and fill up the pan with boiling water. Cover it and let the chickens stand for half an hour. Then put them immediatly into a stew-pan; adding a few blades of mace, and a few whole peppercorns, and a handful of celery, split thin and chopped finely; also, a small white onion sliced. Pour on cold milk and water (mixed in equal portions) sufficient to cover the chickens well. Cover the stew-pan, set it over the fire, and let it stew till the chickens are throughly done, and quite tender. While the chickens are stewing, prepare, in a small sauce-pan, a gravy or sauce made as follows: - Mix two tea-spoons of flour with as much cold water as will make it like a batter, and stir it till quite smooth and free from lumps. Then add to it, gradually, half a pint of boiling milk. Next put in a quarter of a pound of fresh butter, cut into small pieces. Set it over hot coals, and stir until it comes to a boil, and the butter is well melted and mixed throughout. Then take it off the fire, and, while it is hot, stir in a glass of madeira or sherry, and four table-spoons of rich cream, and some grated nutmeg. Lastly, take the chickens out of the stew-pan, and pour off all the liquor, &c. Return the chicken to the stew-pan, and pour over it, hot, the above-mentioned gravy. Cover the pan closely, and let it stand in a hot place, or in a kettle of boiling water for ten minutes. Then send it to the table in a covered dish.
To the taste of many persons, this fricassee will be improved by adding to the chicken, while stewing, some small, thin sliced of cold boiled ham.
Rabbits or veal may be fricasseed in the above manner.

November 18, 2004

Molasses Cake

1 cup molasses or cane syrup
1/4 cup butter, cut in pieces
1/2 tablespoon cinnamon
2 small eggs, beaten
1 3/4 cups sifted flour
1/2 teaspoon soda dissolved in small amt of warm water

Take molasses or cane syrup and add butter pieces into a saucepan. Stir over very low heat until butter is soft enough to mix together easily. Then add cinnamon, beaten eggs, and sifted flour. Then after you stir that till most of lumps are out, add in the soda which was dissolved in warm water.
Grease baking pan and bake 350 for 45 minutes.
350 for about 45 minutes
note: recipe cut in half from original

Original recipe
Molasses Cake. - Cut up a quater of a pound of fresh butter unto a pint of West India Molasses. Warm it just sufficiently to soften the butter, and make it mix easily. Stir it well into the molasses and add a tablespoon of powdered cinnamon. Beat three eggs very light and stir them, gradulally into the mixtire, in turn with barely enough of sifted flour (not mroe than a pint and a half) to make it about as thick as a pound-cake batter. Add, at the last, a small or level tea-spoonful of pearlash, or a full one of soda, dissolved in a very little warm water. Butter some small tin cake-pans, or patty-pans, put in the mixture, and set them immediatly into the oven, which must not be toohot, as all cakes made with molasses are peculiarly liable to scorch on the outside.

******************
Cream Cheese frosting
1 package cream cheese
1 tablespoon milk
3/4 cup powdered sugar
dash cinnamon

Cream the cream cheese, add the powdered sugar and then mix well. Add the milk and test to make sure its sweet enough, if not you can add more powdered sugar till desired. Then add dash of cinnamon and spread on cooled Molasses cake.

November 21, 2004

Strawberry Cakes

Cakes
4 1/2 cups flour
2 sticks butter
3 eggs
2 tablespoons sugar

Strawberry Filling
2 cups strawberries
1 cup

Icing
4 cups powdered sugar
4 egg whites

Take flour and cut butter into it, until it resembles a crumbly texture. Beat eggs in separate bowl. Add into eggs the sugar, mixing well. Add egg mixture to flour mixture. If mixture seems very stiff add a little cold water. Knead dough until it is no longer sticky. Roll dough out onto floured surface, into a thick sheet. Use a biscuit cutter or glass to cut circles out of the dough, dipping utensil into flour so as not to stick. Butter baking sheets, laying the cakes on it, but leaving maybe an inch apart or so. Preheat oven to 425 and bake until light brown*. Original recipe said bake in brisk oven.

*Not sure on the temperature of the oven, but I am guessing a rather hot oven since these are very biscuit - like I think -, and many recipes that called for brisk oven were biscuit like or pie like. Once I try these I'll update my oven figure if needed. If you try this recipe and find a better oven temp please let me know on the tagboard! Or if you know what general temp is a "brisk oven" hehe

Now mash the strawberries and add the sugar. Reserve some strawberries whole to add to the top of the cakes.
Once the cakes are cool half them. Add a generous amount of the mashed strawberry mixture to the bottom of the half. Cover with the top piece and press it down slightly. To make the icing beat the egg whites till foamy. Then add the powdered sugar a small amount at a time and beat well after each addition of powdered sugar. Then ice the sides and top with icing. Before icing has dried add some whole strawberries, one large one in the center and then smaller ones around it forming a circle.

Original Recipe:
Strawberry Cakes. - Sift a small quart of flour into a pan, and cut up among it half a pound of the best fresh butter; or mix in a pint of butter if it is soft enough to measure in that manner. Rub with your hands the butter into the flour, till the whole is crumbled fine. Beat three eggs very light; and then mix with them three table-spoonfuls of powdered loaf-sugar. Wet the flour and butter with the beaten egg and sugar, so as to form a dough. If you find it too stiff, add a very little cold water. Knead the dough till it quits your hands, and leaves them clean. Spread some flour on your paste-board, and roll out the dough into a rather thick sheet. Cut it into round cakes with the edge of a tumbler, or something similar; dipping the cutter frequently into flour to prevent its sticking. Butter some large square iron pans or baking sheets. lay the cakes in, not too close to each other. Set them in a brisk oven, and bake them light brown. have ready a sufficient quantity of ripe strawberries, mashed and made very sweet with powdered white sugar. Reserve some of your finest strawberries whole. Reserve some of your finest strawberries whole. When the cakes are cool, split them, place them on flat dishes and cover the bottom piece of each with mashed strawberry, put on thickly. Then lay on the top pieces, pressing them down. Have ready some icing, and spread it thickly over the top and down the sides of each cake, so as to enclose both the upper and lower pieces. before the icing has quite dried ornament the top of every cake with the whole strawberries, a large one in the centre, and the smaller ones placed round in a close circle.
These are delicious and beautiful cakes if properly make. The strawberries, not being cooked, will retain all their natural flavour. Instead of strawberries you may use raspberries. The large white or buff-coloured raspberry is the finest, if to be eaten uncooked.

November 22, 2004

Melted Butter

Sometimes Called Drawn Butter.
MELTED butter is the foundation of most of the common sauces. Have a covered sauce-pan for this purpose. One lined with porcelain will be best. Take a quarter of a pound of the best butter, cut it up, and mix with it about two tea-spoonfuls of flour. When it is thoroughly mixed, put it into the sauce-pan, and add to it four table-spoonfuls of cold water. Cover the sauce-pan, and set it in a large tin pan of boiling water. Shake it round continually (always moving it the same way) till it is entirely melted and begins to simmer. Then let it rest till it boils up.
If you set it on hot coals, or over the fire, it will be oily.
If the butter and flour is not well mixed it will be lumpy.
If you put too much water, it will be thin and poor. All these defects are to be carefully avoided.
In melting butter for sweet or pudding sauce, you may use milk instead of water.

Cranberry Sauce

Wash a quart of ripe cranberries, and put them into a pan with about a wine-glass of water. Stew them slowly, and stir them frequently, particularly after they begin to burst. They require a great deal of stewing, and should be like a marmalade when done. Just before you take them from the fire, stir in a pound of brown sugar.
When they are thoroughly done, put them into a deep dish, and set them away to get cold.
You may strain the pulp through a cullender or sieve into a mould, and when it is in a firm shape send it to table on a glass dish. Taste it when it is cold, and if not sweet enough, add more sugar.Cranberries require more sugar than any other fruit, except plums.
Cranberry sauce is eaten with roast turkey, roast fowls, and roast ducks.

Kitchen Pepper

Mix together two ounces of the best white ginger, an ounce of black pepper, an ounce of white pepper, an ounce of cinnamon, an ounce of nutmeg, and two dozen cloves. They must all be ground or pounded to a fine powder, and thoroughly mixed. Keep the mixture in a bottle, labelled, and well corked. It will be found useful in seasoning many dishes; and being ready prepared will save much trouble.

November 24, 2004

Connecticut Sausage Meat

A scaled down recipe:
2 lbs ground pork
3 1/4 teaspoons sage
2 1/2 teaspoon salt
1 1/2 teaspoon brown sugar
1/2 teaspoon black pepper
1/3 teaspoon cayenne
optional: 1/4 cup pure maple syrup

Mix spices together and then add pork, then syrup if using. You can make into patties and then freeze. Fry in the usual manner.

Original Recipe:
To fifteen pounds of the lean of fresh pork, allow five pounds of the fat. Having removed the skin, sinews, and gristle, chop both the fat and lean as fine as possible, and mix them well together. Rub to a powder sufficient sage-leaves to make four ounces when done. Mix the sage with three ounces of fine salt, two ounces of brown sugar, an ounce of powdered black pepper, and a quarter of an ounce of cayenne. Add this seasoning to the chopped pork, and mix it thoroughly. Pack the sausage-meat down, hard and closely, into stone jars, which must be kept in a cool place, and well covered. When wanted for use, make some of it into small, flat cakes, dredge them with flour, and fry them well. The fat that exudes from the sausage-cakes, while frying, will be sufficient to cook them in.

November 27, 2004

Baked Rice Pudding

1/2 cup uncooked rice
2/3 cup molasses or cane syrup
1 teaspoon cinnamon
1 teaspoon salt
1 tablespoon butter
4 cups milk

Stir together all ingredients, except milk. Once thoroughly mixed add in milk. Stir well. Preheat over to 350 Fahrenheit. Bake first hour stirring occasionally. Then finish baking until firm, which for me took a total of about 2 hours.

Here is the original recipe:
Baked Rice Pudding. One gill of rice; two thirds of a cup of molasses; one tea-spoonful of cinnamon; one of salt; a small piece of butter. Stir this together, and add a quart of milk. Bake this in a moderate oven. Stir it occasionally for the first hour. Bake three hours.

October 14, 2005

Making Bread

-This is taken from a book published in 1839 The Good Housekeeper -

A large family will, probably, use a bushel of flour weekly; but we will take the proper quantity for a family of four or five persons.

Take twentyone quarts of flour, put it into a kneading trough or earthen pan which is well glazed, and large enough to hold double the quantity of flour. Make a deep, round hole in the centre of the flour, and pour into it half a pint of brewer's yeast, or the thick sediment from home-brewed beer--the last if good, is to be preferred. In either case the yeast must be mixed with a pint of milk-warm water, and well stirred before it is poured in. Then with a spoon stir into this liquid, gradually, so much of the surrounding flour as will make it like thin batter; sprinkle this over with dry flour, till it is covered entirely. Then cover the trough or pan with a warm cloth, and set it by the fire in winter, and where the sun is shining in summer. This process is called "setting the sponge." The object is to give strength and character to the ferment by communicating the quality of leaven to a small portion of the flour; which will then be easily extended to the whole. Setting sponge is a measure of wise precaution--for if the yeast does not rise and ferment in the middle of the flour it shows that the yeast is not good; the batter can then be removed, without wasting much of the flour, and another sponge set with better yeast.

Let the sponge stand till the batter has swelled and risen so as to form cracks in the covering of flour; then scatter over it two table spoonfuls of fine salt, and begin to form the mass into dough by pouring in, by degrees, as much warm water as is necessary to mix with the flour. Twenty-one quarts of flour will require about four quarts of water. It will be well to prepare rather more; soft water is much the best; it should in summer be warm as new milk; during winter, it ought to be somewhat warmer, as flour is a cold, heavy substance.

Add the water by degrees to the flour, mix them with your hand, till the whole mass is incorporated; it must then be worked most thoroughly, moulded over and over and kneaded with your clenched hands, till it becomes so perfectly smooth and light as well as stiff, that not a particle will adhere to your hands. Remember that you cannot have good bread, light and white, unless you give the dough a thorough kneading.--Then make the dough into a lump in the middle of the trough or pan, and dust it over with flour to prevent its adhering to the vessel. Cover it with a warm cloth, and in the winter the vessel should be placed near the fire. It now undergoes a further fermentation, which is shown by its swelling and rising; this, if the ferment was well formed, will be at its height in an hour--somewhat less in very warm weather. It ought to be taken at its height, before it begins to fall.*

Divide the dough into seven equal portions; mould on your paste-board, and form them into loaves; put these on well floured tin or earthen plates, and place immediately in the oven.

The oven, if a good one and you have good dry wood, will heat sufficiently in an hour. It is best to kindle the fire in it with dry pine, hemlock furze or some quick burning material; then fill it up with faggots or hard wood split fine and dried, sufficient to heat it--let the wood burn down and stir the coals evenly over the bottom of the oven, let them lie till they are like embers; the bricks at the arch and sides will be clear from any color of smoke when the oven is sufficiently hot. Clean and sweep the oven,--throw in a little flour on the bottom,--if it burns black at once, do not put in the bread, but let it stand a few moments and cool.

t is a good rule to put the fire in the oven when the dough is made up--the batter will rise and the former heat in about the same time.

When the loaves are in the oven, it must be closed and kept tight, except you open it for a moment to see how the bread appears. If the oven is properly heated, loaves of the size named, will be done in an hour and a half or two hours. They will weigh four pounds per loaf, or about that--thus giving you twentyeight pounds of bread from twentyone quarts (or pounds) of flour. The weight gained is from the water.

It is the best economy to calculate (or ascertain by experiment) the number of loaves of a certain weight or size, necessary for a week's consumption in your family, and bake accordingly. In the winter season bread may be kept good for a fortnight; still I think it the best rule to bake once every week. Bread should not be eaten at all till it has been baked, at least, one day. When the loaves are done, take them from the oven, and place them on a clean shelf, in a clean, cool pantry. If the crust happen to be scorched, or the bread is too much baked, the loaves, when they are taken out of the oven, may be wrapped in a clean, coarse towel, which has been slightly damped. It is well to keep a light cloth thrown over all the loaves. When a loaf has been cut, it should be kept in a tight box from the air, if you wish to prevent its drying.

*There are three processes in fermentation--the vinous, which makes the dough light and white--the acetous, which turns it sour and rather brown--and the putrefactive, which utterly spoils it.--The only good bread is made by baking the dough when the vinuous fermentation is exactly at its height. As soon as the acetous commences, the dough is injured. It it may be in a measure restored by mixing diluted pearlash or sal?ratus, and working it thoroughly with every portion of the dough--then baking it quickly.

BEEF-GRAVY

.... or Brown Sauce for Ragout, Game, Poultry, Fish, &c.

If you want gravy immediately, see Potato Soup, or Glaze. If you have time enough, furnish a thick and well-tinned stewpan with a thin slice of salt pork, or an ounce of butter, and a middling-sized onion; on this lay a pound of nice, juicy gravy beef, (as the object in making gravy is to extract the nutritious succulence of the meat, it must be beaten to comminute the containing vessels, and scored to augment the surface to the action of the water); cover the stewpan, and set it on a slow fire; when the meat begins to brown, turn it about, and let it get slightly browned (but take care it is not at all burned): then pour in a pint and a half of boiling water; set the pan on the fire; when it boils, carefully catch the scum, and then put in a crust of bread toasted brown (don't burn it) a sprig of winter savory, or lemon thyme and parsley--a roll of thin cut lemon-peel, a dozen berries of allspice, and a dozen of black pepper. Cover the stewpan close, and let it stew very gently for about two hours, then strain it through a sieve into a basin. Now, if you wish to thicken it, set a clean stewpan over a slow fire, with about an ounce of butter in it; when it is melted, dredge to it, by degrees, as much flour as will dry it up, stirring them well together; when thoroughly mixed, pour in a little gravy--stir it well together, and add the remainder by degrees; set it over the fire, let it simmer gently for fifteen minutes longer, skim off the fat, &c. as it rises; when it is about as thick as cream, squeeze it through a tamis or fine sieve--and you will have a fine rich Brown Sauce, at a very moderate expense, and without much trouble.

-Taken from The Cook's Own Book 1832

KITCHEN PEPPER.

1 oz. of ginger,

1/2 oz. of cinnamon,

1/2 oz. of black pepper,

1/2 oz. of nutmeg,

1/2 oz. of allspice,

10 cloves,

6 oz. of salt.

Mix all well together, keep in a bottle. It is an agreeable addition to any brown sauces or soups.
All kinds of spice should be dried and pounded, and put into small bottles and corked up tight, and labelled, except nutmeg.

Recipe Converted to Our Measurements today:
4 tablespoons ginger
2 tablespoons cinnamon
2 tabelsoons black pepper
2 tablespoons nutmeg
2 tablespoons allspice
10 whole cloves

October 17, 2005

Like 1859 Sweet Potatoe Pie

1 cup brown sugar
3 cups mashed sweet potatoe
1/2 cup butter
1/2 cup of milk
3 eggs, beaten
1 teapoon cinnamon
1/2 teapoon nutmeg
1/4 teaspoon cloves
1 teaspoon vanilla

Cream your butter. Then add sweet potatoe and sugar, mixing well. Next add in eggs. Next stir in the milk. Add your spice and vanilla being sure to mix well.
Pour into 2 unbaked pie shells. Bake at 350 for about 40mins to an hour, or until knife comes out clean.

DIRECTIONS for procuring the best...Potatoes

Potatoes, take rank for universal use, profit and easy acquirement. The smooth skin, known by the name of Howe's Potatoe, is the most mealy and richest flavor'd; the yellow rusticoat next best; the red, and red rusticoat are tolerable; and the yellow Spanish have their value - those cultivated from imported seed on sandy or dry loomy lands, are best for table use; though the red or either will produce more in rich, loomy, highly manured garden grounds; new lands and a sandy soil, afford the richest flavor'd; and most mealy Potatoe much depends on the ground on which they grow - more on the species of Potatoes planted - and still more from foreign seeds - and each may be known by attention to connoisseurs; for a good Potatoe comes up in many branches of cookery, as herein after prescribed.---All Potatoes should be dug before the rainy seasons in the fall, well dryed in the sun, kept from frost and dampness during the winter, in the spring removed from the cellar to a dry loft, and spread thin, and frequently stirred and dried, or they will grow and be thereby injured for cookery.
A roast Potatoe is brought on with roast Beef, a Stake, a Chop, or Fricassee; good boiled with a boiled dish; make an excellent stuffing for a turkey, water or wild fowl; make a good pie, and a good starch for many uses. All potatoes run out or depreciate in America; a fresh importation of the Spanish might restore them to table use.
It would swell this treatise too much to say every thing that is useful to prepare a good table, but I may be pardoned by observing, that the Irish have preserved a genuine mealy rich Potatoe, for a century, which takes rank of any known in any other kingdom; and I have heard that they renew their seed by planting and cultivating the Seed Ball, which grows on the vine. The manner of their managing it to keep up the excellency of that root, would better suit a treatise on agriculture and gardening than this - and be inserted in a book which would be read by the farmer, instead of his amiable daughter. If no one treats on the subject, it may appear in the next edition.

November 3, 2005

Jane Latta's Gingercake

2 cups Molasses
1 cup Sugar
1 cup Lard
1 cup Milk
1 teaspoon Ginger
2 teaspoons Soda
4 Eggs
2 pints Flour

Beat sugar & shortening, add eggs & molasses. Sift other dry ingredients & add to batter alternately with milk.
Bake in two or three 9x13 inch pans at 350 degrees for 30 to 45 minutes.

Source: Latta Plantation

January 30, 2007

Puddings

This is a handwritten receipe from an old cookbook( dated 1824) that is in my collection. Though I dont believe this recipe is quite this early I do believe it is Victorian in age.
It did not give directions but I will improvise. This is a serious amount of pudding being made.

11 lbs fruit (raisins & currants)
6 lbs suet
8 lbs flour
1 lb bread crumbs (or add l lb flour)
1 lb candied fruit
1 lb sugar
36 eggs
1 pint Brandy
2 nutmegs
cinnamon
cloves
1/2 packet mixed spice
ginger

Mix all together. Put a pudding cloth over it put it into boiling water, boil for 4 hours.
NOTE: A Pudding cloth is a foot-square white cotton cloth that is placed over the bowl and then tied with ordinary string that is untreated and unmeltable. Caution must be taken to remove the bowl from the boiling water.

Raspberry Acid

This is another handwritten recipe found in my old cookbook that dates 1824. This receipe is certainly Victorian in age. I haven't run across this recipe on the web as of yet.

12 pounds of Raspberries
5 oz of Tartaric Acid
2 quarts of water
Let it remain 24 hours and run it through a sieve taking care not to bruise the fruit. To each pint of clear liquor put 1 1/2 lbs of loaf sugar pounded. Stir it frequently and let it be bottled when the sugar is dissolved. The whole process to be cold. Not be corked for a week.

NOTE: Most of us do not have Tartaric Acid in our kitchens but you can purchase it just the same and still for food consumption. I found a cheese supply website selling it here.

April 7, 2007

Sailor Cake

6 ounces light brown sugar
6 ounces butter
1 pint molasses
1 ounce baking soda
4 eggs
1 1/2 pound flour
2 tablespoonsful cinnamon
1/2 pint thick milk

Warm the butter with the molasses. Drop the dough on tins and bake in a quick oven.

From Agricultural Almanac 1887

April 14, 2007

Marilla Cuthbert's Raspberry Cordial

What was Diana Berry's favorite beverage from Anne of Green Gables? Why it was Raspberry Cordial! So here is a recipe for Raspberry Cordial taken from an Almanac of 1892.

Raspberry Cordial
Crush one pound of raspberries and store into them on quart of water and the juice of two oranges; add a sliced lemon, cover, and let the mixture stand two hours, then strain, and add one pint of sugar. Cool on ice before serving. Cherry or grape cordial may be made in the same way.

You could try the cherry or grape using the above method, but if you have a lot of blackberries on hand you can try this recipe:

Blackberry Cordial
Crush ripe blackberries, and to each gallon of juice add one quart of boiling water; let it stand twenty-four hours, stirring it a few times; strain , and add two pounds of sugar to each gallon of liquid; put in jugs and cork tightly.

April 20, 2007

Stewed Pears

This is a handwritten recipe found in my old cookbook that dates 1824. This recipe is certainly Victorian in age. The name of this recipe is:

To Stew Pears

Peel 25 nice pears (any cooking sort will do) lay in the bottom of a stewpan with 1 lb loaf sugar. The rind of a lemon cut in thin strips, a little of the juice, with enough liquid cochineal to make it a nice bright color, let them stew slowly 'till down, try them with a silver fork take them up and add about a tablespoonsful of arrowroot mixed with water to the syrup to thicken. do not take off the stems in peeling the pears & keep a little of the syrup in another basin to throw over them when dished.

April 21, 2007

A Pretty Supper Dish

I love my little cookbook published in 1824. I just cant help myself finding unusual things that I would like to try some day. This one is quite simple really called 'A Pretty Supper Dish'
Boil a tea-cupful of rice, having first washed it in milk till tender; strain off the milk, lay the rice in little heaps on a dish, strew over them some finely powdered sugar and cinnamon, and put warm wine and a little butter into the dish.

August 27, 2007

Candy from the Late 19th Century

Old Candy Ad

I'm really sorry for taking so long in getting around to another post. Its been really hectic. Though life hasn't been too "sweet" for me, I thought it needed some sweetness. So here I give you some recipes from my old cookbook, Compendium of Cookery dated 1890. I've not yet tried any of these but they are on the "to do" list!

Ginger Candy - Boil a pound of clarified sugar until, upon taking out a drop of it on a piece of stick, it will become brittle when cold. Mix and stir up with it, for a common article, about a teaspoonful of ground ginger; if for a superior article, instead of the ground ginger add half the white of an egg, beaten up previously with fine sifted loaf sugar, and twenty drops of strong essence of ginger.

Lemon Candy - Put into a kettle three and one-half pounds of sugar, one and one-half pints of water, and one teaspoon cream of tartar. Let it boil until it becomes brittle when dropped in cold water; when sufficiently done take off the fire and pour into shallow dish which has been greased with a little butter. When this has cooled so that it can be handled add a teaspoonful of tartaric acid and the same quantity of extract of lemon , and work then into the mass. The acid must be fine and free from limps. Work this in until evenly distributed, and no more,a s it will tend to destroy the transparency of the candy. This method may be used for preparing all other candies, as pineapple, ect, using different flavors.

Peppermint, Rose or Horehound Candy - They may be made as lemon candy. Flavor with essence of rose, or peppermint, or finely powdered horehound. Pour it out in a buttered paper, placed in a square tin pan.

Chocolate Caramels - Two cups of brown sugar, one cup of molasses, one cup chocolate grated fine, one cup of boiled milk, one tablespoon of flour; butter the size of a large English walnut; let it boil slowly and pour on flat tins to cool; mark off while warm.

Molasses Candy - One cup of molasses, two cups of sugar, one tablespoon vinegar, a little butter and vanilla, boil ten minutes, then cool it enough to pull.

September 10, 2007

1890 Quick Waffles

Basic Ingredients for Waffles - 1890 style

The finished product - Waffles - from 1890 to today

I have in my collection a cookbook, which I have mentioned before, called Compendium of Cookery. Well we wanted to make waffles one morning so instead of using a modern recipe, we decided to use an old one, just something extra special about that to us.

4 cups sweet milk
1 cup butter (melted)
6 cups flour, sifted
6 eggs (divide yolks from whites)
4 teaspoons baking soda
2 tablespoons sugar (optional, not in original recipe)

Mix together melted butter, milk, and flour. Beat egg yolks then add to mixture. Whip egg whites until very frothy, then fold into mixture. Add baking powder and sugar (optional), stir, then cook in waffle maker.

NOTE: You can cut all the ingredients in half in order to serve a family of four or so.

The original recipe didn't add sugar, but we found it did improve the recipe. If you are looking for something like the store bought then keep on looking. These waffles, when made in an ordinary waffle maker, are not the crispy types of waffles we have today in the market and on the shelves. But they are great with maple syrup!

August 27, 2008

Cinnamon and Allspice Pear Butter

pearbutter.jpg

The summer fruits are coming in and we were fortunate enough to be given some pears recently. So I decided to try my hand at making some pear butter. I didn't follow any recipe but just let my instincts be my guide with this one. One thing about fruit butters are that they are very easy to make! It set just right for a fruit butter, I think, with a great homey flavor. I made homemade biscuits this morning so that I could use the pear butter. It was perfect! So in the end here is my recipe for ....

pearbutter2.jpg
The pear butter boiling down.

Cinnamon and Allspice Pear Butter
about 15 to 25 small pears
water to cover
about 4 cups sugar
1 heaping tablespoon ground cinnamon
1 or 2 whole allspice, ground fine - (about 1/8 teaspoon ground allspice)

Slice and core the pears. Mine were small so just quartering them was sufficient. Then add them to large pot. Pour in enough water to cover them. Let the water get warm but not hot enough to handle yet. Take off the heat and begin peeling the pears. Once you are finished with that let the pears boil down for about 30 minutes to an hour. While in the pot mash them. Add the cinnamon, allspice, and sugar. Continue stirring and let the mixture boil until it has reduced to a little less than half.
Wash and sterilize jars, pour into pint or quart jars, and water bath them for about 10 minutes. My batch made three wide mouth pint jars.

December 9, 2008

Plain Short Cake

plainshortcakes.jpg
I made some shortcakes this morning and adapted the recipe from my 1891 edition of Queen of the Household Cookbook.

2 cups flour
1 heaping teaspoon baking powder
1/2 teaspoon salt
4 tablespoons butter {half a stick}
1 tablespoon lard
abt 3/4 cup cold water

Preheat oven to 400 degrees. Mix flour, salt and baking powder. Then cut in butter and lard till mixture has a crumbly texture. Then pour over enough water to make a firm dough. Then flour your surface and roll the dough to about 1/4th an inch thick. Cut into squares and prick with a fork. Bake for 15 - 20 mins or until done. {I am using a toaster oven to bake so you may need to adjust the baking time for a regular oven}

The original recipe would make double the amount of the above recipe. I knew that so I cut the recipe in half. Here is the original recipe.
One quart flour, 1 saltspoon salt, 2 heaping teaspoons baking powder; mix thoroughly; then add 1/4th a pound butter 1/8th pound lard, and enough cold water to make a thick paste. Roll out about 1/4th inch thick, and cut into squares; prick with a fork and bake immediately.

Note: You probably can make this mixture {omitting the water} ahead of time and then freeze. I served over mine with some leftover strawberry mixture we had. My eldest hates strawberries so he dipped his shortcake into maple syrup. This is a good basic shortcake.

Enjoy the old fashioned way of things? Interested in the Victorian era? If so have a browse around our other site A Victorian Passage. Updated Regularly!

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